Vitamins & Minerals

FavoriteLoadingAdd to favorites tutorial FavoriteLoadingAdd to favorites tutorialA vitamin is an organic compound required as a vital nutrient in tiny amounts by an organism.   DISEASES THAT VITAMINS CURE: In 1747, the Scottish surgeon James Lind discovered that citrus foods helped prevent scurvy, a particularly deadly disease in which collagen is not properly formed, causing poor wound healing, bleeding of the gums, severe pain, and death. In 1753, Lind published his Treatise on the Scurvy, which recommended using lemons and limes to avoid scurvy  

List of vitamins

Each vitamin is typically used in multiple reactions, and, therefore, most have multiple functions  

Vitamin A  

Source: Orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach Overdose will cause: Night-blindness, Hyperkeratosis, and Keratomalacia Not enough will cause:  Hypervitaminosis A  

Vitamin B1

Sources: Oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, liver, eggs Overdose will cause: Drowsiness or muscle relaxation with large doses. Not enough will cause: Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome  

Vitamin B2

Source:  Dairy products, bananas, popcorn, green beans, asparagus Overdose will cause: n/a Not enough will cause:   Ariboflavinosis  

 Vitamin B3

Source:  Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts Overdose will cause: Liver damage (doses > 2g/day) and other problems Not enough will cause: Pellagra  

Vitamin B5

Source:  Meat, broccoli, avocados Overdose will cause: Diarrhea; possibly nausea and heartburn. Not enough will cause: Paresthesia

Vitamin B6

Source:  Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas Overdose will cause: Impairment of proprioception, nerve damage Not enough will cause:   Source:  Overdose will cause: Not enough will cause: Source:  Overdose will cause: Not enough will cause:  


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